EDUCATION HEALTH

PROSTRATE HEALTH: Treatment and management of prostrate diseases.

Prostrate is a gland of the male reproductive system that secrets the fluid that make up the semen.

Diseases of the prostrate:

Prostatitis: Inflammation of the prostrate gland, which may be chronic or acute, bacterial or non bacterial.

Benign prostrate hyperplasia: The prostrate enlarges to a point that urination becomes difficult, this normally take place after the age of forty.


Prostrate Cancer: Abnormal growth of prostrate cells which tend to spread to other parts of the body.

Symptoms of Prostrate diseases:

Urinary frequency

Urinary urgency

Nocturia…frequent night urination

Urinary hesitancy

Urinary incontinence

Urinary intermittency

Weak stream

Incomplete emptying sensation

Terminal dribbling

Urinary retention… Inability to urinate.

Dysuria…partial urine retention

*For urinary frequency:* it is a situation whereby a person who when pressed, immediately feels he will urinate on his body. The urge for urine is very high.

*urinary hesistancy:* this is a situation when the person who is over pressed goes to the bathroom and instead of the urine to come out immediately, begins to come out gradually/slowly

*urinary incontinence:* this is the inability to control urine. The person passes small urine on himself when he cough/sneeze.

*urinary intermittency:* this is a situation when a person who is hardly pressed finds it difficult to initiate (start) the urination process. Or even if he starts, the urine stops and continues again. He cannot have a steady flow of urine while urinating.

Complications:

Urinary tract infection, Bladder stone, Chronic kidney disease.

Causes:

The causes are unclear but risk factors include, family history, obesity, diabetes, insufficient exercise and erectile dysfunction.

Diagnosis

Chemical diagnosis symptoms

Physical retention examination

Laboratory diagnosis… Urinalysis, Kidney function test, Prostrate specific Antigen.

Ultrasound scan.

Treatment or management of prostrate diseases:

Lifestyle change: Exercises, decrease fluid intake before bed time, reduce consumption of alcohol, following a time voiding schedule, using a timed sitting voiding position.

Medications.

Self- catheterization.

Surgery.

Tips on maintaining optimum prostrate health.

Awareness: Health education, early awareness of family history.

Medical check up and prompt diagnosis.

Nutrition: Reduce protein intake and increase fruit intake and  vegetable intake.

Reduce alcohol consumption.

Avoid smoking.

More exercises.

Avoid long sitting.

Avoid tight underwear.


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